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sustainable development and energy security

Sustainable Development in the words of Brundtland report is "the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations

To meet their own needs ".

In this context nuclear energy as a future energy source has occupied centre stage of

India's concern. The characteristics of nuclear energy, it's economic, environmental

and social impact and its link to sustainable development have come under the  Narcotics detection of economic and political debate in the recent times.

This paper entitled "Sustainable Development and Energy Security" attempts to explore the prospects of adopting nuclear energy as a future energy source to meet the India's

growing energy needs. Nuclear energy, though requires large capital investment in form of nuclear power plants, is seen as an alternative to fossil fuels. Use of nuclear energy not only meets the growing energy demands, but also minimizes the environment and social burdens.

Nuclear energy does not have environmental effects on global warming, green house effect, climate change and pollution. Hence the central goal of sustainable development i.e.maintainence and development of natural, human and social assets will have been met by use of nuclear energy.

This paper analyses the following aspects:

Various forms and sources of energy.

The role of energy in economic development.

The problems of developing countries vis-à-vis energy security.

Nuclear power and its importance in the light of power shortage in India in the context of sustainable development.



. Keywords: sustainable development, energy security, nuclear energy,


1) Introduction

India's energy resources are mostly available in convenient form. India has a

Significant reserves of coal, its electricity generation is also significant

Today more than 70% of power generation is through burning of coal.

We have 221 billion tones of coal reserves .India has a large hydro potential and only a part of this potential has been exploited .as per department of atomic energy of India ,India as also good uranium deposits supporting growth of "Nuclear Energy". India is growing giant facing the critical challenge of meeting a rapidly increasing demand for energy .

India ranks 6th in the world in terms of energy demand and our economy is projected to grow 7% to 8% in next two decades .the international energy agency projects indias dependence on oil imports will be more at 91.6% by the year 2020 and India is relatively poor in the oil and gas resources . Even though there are several problems associated with energy in India from 1951 to 2005, it has produced coal 12 times greater then what was available in 1951 crude oil production increased 110 times. And the electricity installed capacity had a growth by over 68 times.

India has to meet two big challenges for a sustainable development .firstly it should meet the increasing demand for energy resources in the country .secondly it should avoid all environmental hazards and its should ensure an energy security by conservation of energy so that the future generation can also meet their wants for energy resources with available stock .this can lead to long term economic development which indicates the "Sustainable Economic Development" on which our attention is much more needed.


The concept of sustainable development was elaborated in the late 1980.

The tern sustainable development was brought into common use by the world commission on Environment and Development in its seminar report called

"Our common Future". Brundtland Commission defines sustainable development as "Development that needs the needs of the present generation without comprising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs.

We can understand that use of the concept "Needs" in the definition is linked with the distribution of resources through three components of man made capitals, human capital and natural capital & it aims to achieve sustainable development through integration of three dimensions in a balanced way. More on X-ray security detector.

According to Professor Barthwal of ‘Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur' has highlighted some important indicators of sustainable development there are as follows:

1) GDP growth rate.

2) Population Stability.

3) Human Resources Development Index.

4) Clean Air index.

5) Energy intensity.

6) Renewable energy proportion.

7) Material intensity.

8) Water use.

9) Soil degradation.

10) Forest coverage.

11) Re-cycling proportions.

12) Transport intensity.

These indicators show the changing trends of an economy towards Sustainable Development. Let us discuss this concept from the point of view

Of Energy Security and adopting Nuclear Energy as a future Energy Source which is the latest Debate in our country.


Energy has several forms which is useful to all human beings:

Mechanical Energy: Like kinetic and potential position against resistance.

Heat Energy: Can cause gases to expand, can melt the metals and convert water into steam.

Radiant Energy: Include light, radio, X-Rays, Laser etc.

Electro-magnetic Energy: Flow of electrons producing an electric current.

Chemical Energy: Stored in molecules of Food or in fossil fuels such as coal and oil.

Nuclear Energy: The force that combines the atomic nucleus together it is obtained through Fusion and Fission.

These energy are inter-convertible but it incurs a economical expenses which may not be profitable also Ex: Electrical Energy into light or heat Energy.


Energy Sources refers to the sources from which energy is obtained to provide heat, light and power.

Renewable and digital walkthrough metal detector  sources:

Non-Renewable Energy sources are those which are lost in one operation the called depletable or exhaustible sources of energy their availability s always fixed and they are always at a declining stage Ex: Fossil fuel.

Renewable or In exhaustible energy sources are those which are perennial in nature they are regarded as flows rather than as stocks their total supply cannot be more than the available flow and the flow is perennial.

See more about X-ray security detecting system at:

24.10.14 03:54


Hand Held Metal Detectors are available in two variants:

Proscan xray baggage scanner

Pro-Scan Hand Held Security Scanner is designed to meet the exact requirements of the security industry. Typical uses will include body search for offensive weapons in crowd control, airport and border security, checking parcels and letters for metal objects and anywhere that hidden metal needs to be detected. Pro-Scan Hand held Scanner operates on one 9-volt alkaline or rechargeable battery. The presence of metal will be indicated by an audio warning tone and a red light coming on. Proscan's sensitivity varies between minimum of 2.5 inches to maximum of 11 inches.

Proscan-II  X-ray security baggage scanner

It includes all the features of proscan handheld metal scanner with some additional features: Easier switching between high or low sensitivity modes. 20% larger scanning area, thereby providing you a edge over other Security Scanners

 X-ray security Inspection equipment  are cheaper and radiation-free. Proscan Handheld Metal Scanners are lightweight, yet very rugged. The need for Hand Held Scanners is as essential now as it ever was.

Now days children have been able to access guns, knives and other harmful weapons and have become a danger not only to themselves but to their classmates in schools. In addition, criminals attempt to bring weapons into government facilities, banks, and retail stores. Thus to ensure the safe environment places we should go for Handheld Metal Detectors. By doing this we will be in a comfortable situation to stop miscreants to entering such places.

Hand Held Metal Scanners can also be used for recreational purposes. Searching for hidden metal items at the beach or in even in the park. Hand Held Scanners are just as accurate as x-rays in finding coins and other metallic objects swallowed by children. Hand Held Scanners are also used at construction sites to find dangerous nails or other metallic debris in building materials. They could be used alongside walk-through Metal Scanners.

See more about China X Ray scanning machine company at:

24.10.14 03:51

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